Beyond ‘Fred’: Russian Names for Characters

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Russian Nesting Dolls

Sometimes the hardest part of building a character is  coming up with a good name. You can always take a name from Tolkien or other fantasy novels, but you’ve seen those names over and over and you want something a little different, but not way out there. How about an historical name? Or one from a different culture? In the first “Beyond ‘Fred'” post, I covered Roman names. If Roman names aren’t your cup of tea, how about Russian ones?

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Russian Name Structure

Russian names are complex, as many people have not only a given name but also several nicknames, based on the their relationship with the speaker. Because of this, I’m using a very simplified Russian naming method.

In general, Russian names consist of two elements: a given name and a patronymic. Russian patronymic names are based on the father’s given name, with a ending that depends on the character’s sex:

-ov for a man, -ova for woman

So Boris, son of Ivan would be Boris Ivanov. Ivan’s daughter Susan would be Susan Ivanova. Women usually retain their own last names, even after they’re married. There is an exception to this — if the person is a member of the ruling class, the ending is different:

-vitch for a man, -vitcha for a woman.

If the father’s name ends in a consonant, add the ending becomes -ovitch or -ovitcha. So Boris, the son of Ivan who’s a prince would be Boris Ivanovitch and Susan would be Ivanovitcha.

For a really good, in depth coverage of creating a Russian patronymic, see Paul Goldschidt’s Dictionary of Russian Names — Grammer.

List of Names

This also includes nicknames based on the given names, where I know them.

Male Names

  • Alexandr (Sasha, Shurik, Alex)
  • Alexei
  • Arkady
  • Boris
  • Budimir
  • Busla
  • Dmitri (Dima, Dimka)
  • Erema
  • Fedor
  • Fyodor
  • Georgi
  • Grigory (Grisha)
  • Ilya
  • Ivan (Vanya)
  • Kirill
  • Lev
  • Login
  • Mikhail (Misha/Mika)
  • Petr
  • Sergei
  • Solovei
  • Roman
  • Vasily (Vashya)
  • Vladimir (Vova)
  • Viktor (Vitya)
  • Vyslav
  • Yuri

Female Names

  • Anastasia
  • Darya
  • Ekatarina (Katya)
  • Eugenia (Zhenya)
  • Irina
  • Katarina
  • Marya
  • Maya
  • Nataliya (Natasha)
  • Olga
  • Sofia
  • Svetlana (Svetla)
  • Titania
  • Vasilia
  • Yana
  • Zhanna

Sources:

Other Articles in this Series:

4 responses to “Beyond ‘Fred’: Russian Names for Characters

  1. Very good post! I never thought of using russian names in anything other than espionage! Some of these could work in fantasy too, something a little diffrent

  2. I love this series. Names are generally the hardest part of character creation for me. 😛

  3. You’ve made one major mistake.

    “vitch for a man, -vitcha for a woman.

    If the father’s name ends in a consonant, add the ending becomes -ovitch or -ovitcha. So Boris, the son of Ivan who’s a prince would be Boris Ivanovitch and Susan would be Ivanovitcha”

    Not -vitcha for females, but -vna. So, Susan would be Ivanovna. %)

    I will also add some nicknames if you don’t mind.

    * Alexei (Alesha, Lesha, Lyoha)
    * Arkady (Arkasha)
    * Boris (Borya)
    * Fedor
    and
    * Fyodor
    are basically the same name. And the nickname for them would be Fedya.
    * Georgi (Gosha, Zhora, Zhorik)
    * Grigory (Grisha)
    * Ilya (Ilyusha)
    * Kirill (Kirja)
    * Lev (Lyova)
    * Mikhail (Misha/Mika, Miha)
    * Petr (Petya)
    * Sergei (Serezha)
    * Roman (Roma)
    * Vladimir (Vova)
    * Viktor (Vitya)
    * Yuri (Yura)

    -ka is universal. Usually it is added after consonant, when adressing young children, lower class servants, rogues or really-really close friends. Otherwise it is considered as insult or idiocy. %) Yurka, Vovka, Mishka and so on.

    * Anastasia (Nastya, Stasya)
    * Darya (Dasha)
    * Irina (Ira)
    * Katarina (Katya)
    * Olga (Olya)
    * Svetlana (Svetla – wrong, Sveta)

    -ka could be applied here too. Those are just basics. %)

    Good post.

    • @Turner Thanks so much for the corrections. As I said, Russian names can be complicated 😉 . And thanks for adding the nicknames. I know they’re used a lot. I always appreciate the input of people who know more about a subject than I do. :) .

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